Book Review

A book I liked and why it’s relevant now more than ever

The Catcher in the Rye, a novel by J.D Salinger

 

Themes

The novel explores multiple and complex themes of innocence, youth, mortality, identity, belonging, loss, connection and isolation, sexuality and sexual identity, sadness and depression, wisdom and knowledge, lies and deceit, madness, and religion. These are issues with which we grapple all our lives, and like the protagonist, find no satisfactory answers in the adult world.

Adolescence and coming of age is a very difficult part of growing up and we can appreciate how child abuse/child sexual abuse can only confound the confusion. The child victim can no longer return to innocence, nor enter the adult world legitimately.

Primary character

Holden Caufield, the hero-narrator-protagonist of this novel maybe only sixteen, but he speaks of truths as ancient as the hills, and so he appeals to the old soul in even a child.

His honest and candid spoken stream of consciousness makes him easy to identify with. The story is narrated in a subjective style following his exact thought processes as a teenager, however disjointed his ideas and experiences are.

The boy Holden has a fantasy of picturing himself as the sole guardian of thousands of children playing in a huge rye field on the edge of a cliff. His job is to catch the children, who in their abandon may come close to falling off the brink, to be in effect – the catcher in the rye.

It may seem selfless to try to save other children from losing their innocence. But Holden is wise in realizing early on that this is the only way to redeem his own soul, seek justice for his own wrongs and perhaps save himself.

Key takeaways

Children are often told to act their age, but Holden forces us to accept what we all know deep down – that children can think as adults, as is evident by their instinctive and accurate perception of people and their motives.

“Sometimes I act a lot older than I am, I really do. But people never notice anything.” This becomes a pertinent point to remember for parents and teachers alike, to prevent child abuse.

Another takeaway for parenting and education domains, is that language, poetry, diary writing, and other creative writing pursuits can be cathartic to children in this stressful technological age.

Universal appeal

Why does this classic, from 1951, have the potential to appeal to all ages? Maybe there is truth in the argument that the author who had witnessed the horrors of World War 2, took the trauma of war and embedded it within. And thus, the book only looks like a coming of age novel to the naked eye.

Further, age is not a number. Perhaps this is why he appeals to every age in every generation.

Depression and suicides are becoming front page narrative all over the world, across age groups. In this context of human experience, the protagonist reassures us that we are not alone.

In the novel, Holden is desperately lonely, adrift, in what seems to him an uncaring world. He has been through some terrible experiences and no one at all seems to have noticed that he is crumbling. It serves as a wake-up call to speak out, acknowledge, and take notice.

A poignant quote to remember from this tale could be: “The mark of an immature man is that he wants to die nobly for a cause, while the mark of the mature man is that he wants to live humbly for one.” These are the words of psychoanalyst Wilhelm Steckel, passed on to Holden by his former teacher Mr Antolini.

The book really is the catcher in the rye for today’s generation.

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